SETTINGS USED IN JEWELLERY
Jewellers used variety of settings to set and secure diamonds and gemstones. Different type of settings gives different type of looks to the jewellery. Settings are used to enhance the beauty of your jewellery piece. Settings can dramatically influence the look and feel of your jewellery piece and display your diamond or other gemstone the way it was meant to be seen. There are many different type of settings used among which Prong setting is the most popular.
Prong: Prong setting is the most common used in mounting diamonds, pearls and gemstones. In this setting, two or more prongs wrap around the crown of a stone to secure it in place. Also known as a claw setting, this mounting style minimizes the amount of metal used, allowing more light to pass through a diamond or gemstone.
Bezel: The bezel setting is precisely crafted to embrace a gemstone and hold it securely in place. The bezel is one of the oldest techniques used in gem setting and remains an excellent method to protect both the girdle (middle) and the pavilion (bottom) of a gemstone from chips and scratches. If the bezel setting does not surround the whole girdle of a gemstone and splits into two or more sections, covering just part of the gemstone, then this setting is known as half bezel or semi bezel.
Channel: The channel setting inserts diamonds or other gemstones into a "channel" within the ring. The stones run in a fluid line, one after the other, which creates a flawless, smooth look with no metal separating the set stones. The channel setting is particularly popular for men's wedding bands. It is very secure and works well with round diamonds.
Pave: Similar to channel setting, a pave ring setting has a band that is covered with dozens of tiny diamonds – so much that the metal band barely shows through. The difference is that these diamonds are often very small and held in place with small prongs or beads. The result is a band that looks almost like it's made entirely of diamonds, whereas in a channel setting, the diamonds are bigger, more distinct and clearly set within the metal band.
Tension: This setting uses pressure to hold a stone between two open ends of a metal mounting, making the stone appear as if it’s floating. Platinum is often the metal of choice when creating tension settings for fine gemstones.
Bar: In this setting, the stones are set between bars. The diamonds are nested in grooves and overlapped by metal using a special hammering tool. This type of setting is used for gems with a hardness of 9 and up.
Common prong: In this setting prong is placed at the top and it holds two diamonds by their girdle. No space is left between diamonds. The main advantage of this setting is that it gives flexibility to change prong setting according to the size of diamonds. This setting is mainly used for rings & bangles.
V cut prong: This type of prongs are for diamonds like princess, marquise & pear which gives them additional protection to the sharp and pointed edges of the stones. As their ends are very fragile and can be easily broken v prongs grasp their corners while covering their edges.